Land and Resources, Environmental Issues
marine pollution, ozone layer, Teak wood, tropical forests, safe water
Although rich in natural resources, Myanmar is among the most impoverished countries in Asia. Only 72 percent (2000) of Myanmar’s citizens have access to safe water, and only 64 percent (2000) of the population is serviced by adequate sanitation systems. Waterborne infectious diseases are a significant health problem throughout Myanmar. The country has a high rate of infant mortality, with 72 (2002) infants dying out of every 1,000 born.
Myanmar is being deforested at a rate of 1.39 percent (1990-2000) every year. Teak wood is in high demand worldwide, and most of the world’s remaining teak trees are in Myanmar. Forests are also being consumed for fuel.
Only 0.3 percent (1997) of Myanmar’s land is officially protected. Myanmar is inhabited by 98 (2001) threatened animal species. Myanmar has ratified international agreements pertaining to biodiversity, tropical forests, marine pollution, and the ozone layer.
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