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Economy, Agriculture

persimmons, cabbages, red beans, important development, white potatoes

Land distribution programs were carried out in the late 1940s, creating in South Korea an agricultural system composed primarily of small, owner-operated farms. The rapid industrialization of South Korea and increasing urbanization is diminishing the importance of farming to the country’s economy, and the number of families dependent on agriculture for their livelihood has steadily declined since the 1970s. With 1.5 million farms, the average cultivated land area for each is 1.3 hectares (3.3 acres). Some 17 percent of the land is under cultivation. The chief crop in the early 2000s was rice, grown on more than one-half of the agricultural land and the country’s principal food crop. In terms of land area devoted to their cultivation, other leading crops are soybeans, red peppers, barley, cabbages, watermelons, garlic, onions, radishes, white potatoes, red beans, maize, and sweet potatoes. An important development has been the great expansion in the output of fruit, notably apples, oranges, grapes, persimmons, pears, and peaches. Other crops include cotton, hemp, and silk. The estimated livestock population in 2001 was 8.4 million pigs, 2 million cattle, and 430,000 goats.

Article key phrases:

persimmons, cabbages, red beans, important development, white potatoes, sweet potatoes, watermelons, radishes, hemp, agricultural land, soybeans, urbanization, pears, hectares, oranges, barley, grapes, cultivation, pigs, apples, maize, red peppers, livelihood, onions, silk, terms of land area, rice, garlic, cattle, cotton, agriculture


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