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South Korea, History

The Republic of Korea was proclaimed on August 15, 1948. Its first president was Syngman Rhee, who was elected by a legislature formed by popular elections conducted in May of that year by the U.S. occupation authorities and officially observed by United Nations (UN) representatives. Left-wing groups had boycotted these elections, and virtually all the legislators were firm anti-Communists, as was their chosen president.

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