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South Korea, Land and Resources

Korea Strait, Naktong, flowing south, longest rivers, Yongsan

South Korea has a predominantly rugged, mountainous terrain. The principal range is the T’aebaek-sanmaek, which extends in a generally north-south direction parallel to the eastern coast. The country’s highest peak, located on the island of Cheju, is Halla-san (1,950 m/6,398 ft). Plains constitute less than one-fifth the total area and are concentrated in the west along the coast; the coastal plains in the east and south are very narrow. Apart from the eastern coast, South Korea has a highly indented coastline characterized by high tidal ranges. The country’s two longest rivers, the Naktong and Han, rise in the T’aebaek-sanmaek, the former flowing south to the Korea Strait, the latter northwest to the Yellow Sea. Other major rivers include the Kum, Yongsan, and Tongjin.

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Article key phrases:

Korea Strait, Naktong, flowing south, longest rivers, Yongsan, Yellow Sea, coastal plains, Kum, major rivers, mountainous terrain, South Korea, northwest, total area, eastern coast, Han


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