little importance, private consumption, coconuts, metric tons, basic food
Some 14 percent of Sri Lanka’s land area is under cultivation. Tea accounts for about one-fourth of the country’s export earnings. Tea, rubber, and coconuts together made up nearly 35 percent of Sri Lanka’s export earnings in the early 1990s.
Rice is the basic food of the people and the island’s principal crop. More acreage is devoted to the cultivation of rice than to any other crop; the output in 2001 was 2.8 million metric tons. Vegetables are grown in small amounts and are mostly cultivated for private consumption. Considerable quantities of sugar, wheat, and rice are imported.
Animal husbandry is of comparatively little importance to the economy of Sri Lanka. Cattle, buffaloes, goats, chickens, pigs, and sheep are raised.
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