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Land and Resources, Environmental Issues

local extinction, plant diversity, mammal species, coral reefs, deforestation

Many environmentalists regard the loss of forest in Thailand as a serious problem. In 1960 Thailand was more than 50 percent forested. Since then, however, deforestation has eliminated over half of Thailandís woodlands. Forests now cover 29 percent of the country, and deforestation continues at a rate of 0.7 percent per year. Some environmentalists claim that deforestation has caused major landslides, lowered the water table, affected local climates, and reduced animal and plant diversity. More than 30 mammal species, for example, including the tiger, are threatened with local extinction. The destruction of coastal mangrove swamps and the resulting movement of sediment into the sea have damaged both fisheries and coral reefs. In and around Thailandís cities, rivers and canals are heavily polluted. Of 600 native fish species, more than 10 are regarded as threatened with extinction. Notorious traffic congestion and air pollution afflict Bangkok.

Article key phrases:

local extinction, plant diversity, mammal species, coral reefs, deforestation, water table, air pollution, canals, tiger, environmentalists, fisheries, Forests, rivers, Bangkok, sea, percent, rate, serious problem, example, country, year


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