Land and Resources, Environmental Issues
marine dumping, desertification, Urban dwellers, water shortages, endangered species
Urban dwellers of the Dominican Republic enjoy good access to safe water, but rural communities do not. While current water use is low relative to available resources—amounting to an annual withdrawal of 40 percent (1994)—water shortages do occur.
Although deforestation was once a serious problem in the Dominican Republic, the annual rate of deforestation is 0 percent (1990-2000 (1997) of the land area is officially protected in some way, but the country lacks the institutional and legal frameworks necessary for effective environmental management. The government has ratified international environmental agreements pertaining to climate change, desertification, endangered species, marine dumping, marine life conservation, and ozone layer protection.
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