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History, Occupation by the United States

worldwide depression, foreign debts, Haitians, disorganization, Marines

In the early 20th century, the United States was worried about French and German influences in Haiti and the security of the newly opened Panama Canal. In 1915, during World War I, the United States invaded Haiti to restore order in the country. U.S. Marines secured the countryside and proceeded to build the institutions needed to govern a modern nation. The United States collected tariffs, paid foreign debts, restructured the government and military, built roads and bridges, and trained local people for leadership roles. Although some Haitians resisted the U.S. occupation, most notably in 1920, the occupation was generally peaceful. The U.S. military occupation of Haiti was terminated on August 15, 1934. U.S. reforms did not last, however, and Haiti fell prey to dictators and disorganization. In the 1930s Haiti suffered through the worldwide depression.

Article key phrases:

worldwide depression, foreign debts, Haitians, disorganization, Marines, prey, World War, dictators, bridges, reforms, leadership roles, tariffs, countryside, roads, local people, century, French, government, security, United States, institutions, order


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