History, U.S. Intervention
President Aristide, Senator Sam Nunn, president Jimmy Carter, embargo, exile
On September 16, 1994, the United States dispatched former president Jimmy Carter, Senator Sam Nunn, and former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Colin Powell for talks with Haitiís military leadership. Facing the threat of a U.S. invasion, the Cedras regime agreed to turn over power to President Aristide. Under the agreement General Cedras, General Philippe Biamby, and Chief of Police Lieutenant Colonel Michel Francois would retire and their positions would be filled with rightfully appointed individuals. In return the U.S. negotiators guaranteed that the embargo on Haiti would be lifted.
On September 19, a force of 20,000 U.S. troops arrived in Haiti to oversee the transition from dictatorship to democracy. The troops helped ensure a secure environment throughout the country by seizing weapons and arresting former members of the police paramilitary. Generals Cedras and Biamby were offered exile in Panama and they departed the country in October; Francois left for the Dominican Republic.
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