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Land and Resources, Plants and Animals

cacao trees, Environmental deterioration, rice cover, high elevations, sisal

Clearing forests for farms and wood for charcoal has stripped Haiti of most of its valuable native trees. Only some pine forests at high elevations and mangroves in inaccessible swamps remain. Semidesert scrub covers the ground in drier zones. Environmental deterioration has had a severe impact on Haitiís plants, animals, soil, and water resources. Tropical reefs surrounding the country are threatened by the large quantities of silt washed down from the eroding mountainsides. Coffee and cacao trees spread across the mountains in scattered clumps, while sugarcane, sisal, cotton, and rice cover most of the good farmland. Most of Haitiís native animals were hunted to extinction long ago. Caiman and flamingo are the most common wildlife seen today. Haitiís large population and the degree of deforestation already present seem to preclude the reestablishment of wildlife, although the climate would be hospitable to any tropical plants or animals.

Article key phrases:

cacao trees, Environmental deterioration, rice cover, high elevations, sisal, flamingo, tropical plants, mangroves, charcoal, pine forests, sugarcane, cotton, climate, soil, farms, wood, ground, country


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