Saint Lucia, History
poet Derek Walcott, United Workers Party, successful colony, new prime minister, Representative government
Saint Lucia was probably first visited by Europeans about 1500. The first successful colony was established during the mid-17th century by the French, who signed a treaty with the indigenous Carib people in 1660. England held the island between 1663 and 1667, and the island changed hands between England and France 14 times before it was finally ceded to the British in 1814. Representative government was introduced in 1924. From 1958 to 1962 Saint Lucia was a member of the Federation of the West Indies. In 1967 it became a member of the West Indies Associated States with full internal self-government.
On February 22, 1979, Saint Lucia became an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations. In 1992 the poet Derek Walcott, a native of Castries, won the Nobel Prize for literature. In June 1997 the Labour Party won 16 of 17 seats in the parliament, defeating the United Workers Party, which had controlled the government since 1982. Labour leader Kenny Anthony became the new prime minister.
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