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Trinidad and Tobago, Population

Middle Eastern descent, East Indians, chief city, Anglicans, technical institutes

The population (2002 estimate) of Trinidad and Tobago is 1,163,724. The capital and chief city is Port-of-Spain (population, 1995, 45,284). Other major cities are San Fernando (55,784) and Arima (24,874). The people of the islands are chiefly West Indians of African descent (41 percent) and East Indians (40 percent). Other groups include people of Chinese, West European, and Middle Eastern descent. English is the principal language spoken, although Spanish, Hindi, and a French patois are also used. About three-fifths of the people are Christians, with Roman Catholics constituting the largest single group (30 percent). Anglicans form another substantial community (12 percent), and Hindus (25 percent) and Muslims (6 percent) make up the major non-Christian bodies.

Education in the country is free, and attendance at school is compulsory for children between the ages of 5 and 12. Virtually all children attended primary school, and 80 percent of secondary-school-aged children were enrolled in 1998. Most schools are maintained or aided by the government. Higher education is provided by teacher-training colleges, technical institutes, and the University of the West Indies, which has faculties in the arts, social sciences, natural sciences, education, agriculture, medicine, and engineering on the Trinidad-Tobago Campus (1960) in Saint Augustine, Trinidad.

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