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Costa Rica, Land and Resources

Meseta Central, Cordillera Central, Coronado Bay, San Juan River, Talamanca

Most of Costa Rica is rugged highlands, about 900 to 1,800 m (about 3,000 to 6,000 ft) above sea level. Several mountain ranges extend nearly the entire length of the country. These include the Cordillera de Talamanca, Cordillera Central, and Cordillera de Guanacaste. The highest peaks are Chirripo Grande (3,819 m/12,530 ft) and the active volcano of Irazu (3,432 m/ 11,260 ft). A central plateau, the Meseta Central, is located between the ranges and contains the bulk of the population. Wide lowlands extend along the almost unindented Caribbean coast. The lowlands along the Pacific are narrower. Here the coast is broken by a number of bays, the chief ones being the landlocked Gulf of Nicoya, the deep, open Gulf of Dulce, and Coronado Bay. The principal stream of Costa Rica is the San Juan River, which forms part of the country’s boundary with Nicaragua to the north.

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Article key phrases:

Meseta Central, Cordillera Central, Coronado Bay, San Juan River, Talamanca, highest peaks, Guanacaste, central plateau, mountain ranges, sea level, Nicaragua, population, Pacific, bulk

 
 

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