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El Salvador, Government

universal suffrage, representative government, electoral system, military officers, social classes

El Salvador’s 1983 constitution—the 23rd in its history—provides for a representative government with three independent branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. It mandates universal suffrage for all citizens over the age of 18. Despite the republican and democratic provisions of its constitutions, a small, elite group of landowners and military officers has historically dominated government in El Salvador. Since the civil war of the 1980s, however, more-democratic procedures have been adopted, including reforms of the electoral system and inclusion of former leftist guerrillas in the political system. More people in other social classes have participated in government.

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universal suffrage, representative government, electoral system, military officers, social classes, civil war, political system, constitutions, citizens, reforms, inclusion, people, history

 
 

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