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El Salvador, Land and Resources

Gulf of Fonseca, volcanic mountains, widest point, plateaus, Pacific Ocean

El Salvador is 140 km (90 mi) wide at its widest point and 260 km (160 mi) long, with an area of 21,041 sq km (8,124 sq mi). The only Central American state without a Caribbean shoreline, El Salvador is bounded on the west by Guatemala, on the north and east by Honduras, on the south by the Pacific Ocean, and on the extreme southeast by the Gulf of Fonseca, which it shares with Honduras and Nicaragua. The country’s geography is defined by its volcanic mountains, separated by the plateaus and valleys of the central region. The mountains descend to a narrow, fertile coastal plain, which drops steeply into the Pacific.

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Article key phrases:

Gulf of Fonseca, volcanic mountains, widest point, plateaus, Pacific Ocean, Salvador, Honduras, valleys, Guatemala, Nicaragua, central region, west, south, area

 
 

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