Champerico, Puerto Barrios, Aviateca, International Civil Aviation Organization, Castilla
The Pan-American Highway crosses Guatemala from Mexico to El Salvador through the highlands, as does the Pacific Littoral Highway along the Pacific coast. Most of Guatemala’s highways and secondary roads are gravel or dirt and total about 14,118 km (8,773 mi). The state-owned Ferrocarriles de Guatemala owns most of the nation’s 1,019 km (632 mi) of narrow-gauge railroad, which provides links with Mexico and El Salvador. Pipelines carrying crude oil total 275 km (171 mi).
The principal ports on the Caribbean are Puerto Barrios and Puerto Santo Tomas de Castilla. Guatemala has no natural, deepwater harbors on the Pacific Ocean, but Champerico and Puerto Quetzal handle ocean cargo over the beach. An international airport serves Guatemala City. Aviateca, formerly the national airline, was recently privatized and a majority of its shares acquired by Transportes Aereos Centro Americanos (TACA), an airline registered in El Salvador. Aviateca provides both international and domestic service, while many other international airlines provide service to Guatemala. The country has 528 airports, including nine with paved runways longer than 1,000 m (3,000 ft). Guatemala is a member of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
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