Search within this web site:

 
you are here ::

Guatemala, Land and Resources

Gulf of Honduras, largest nation, Spanish conquest, rugged terrain, torrential rains

Guatemala is the most western of the Central American states, bounded on the west and north by Mexico, on the east by Belize and the Gulf of Honduras, on the southeast by Honduras and El Salvador, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. Its total area of 108,889 sq km (42,042 sq mi) makes it the third largest nation in the region, after Nicaragua and Honduras. At its widest points, the republic stretches about 430 km (about 270 mi) east to west and 450 km (280 mi) north to south.

Guatemala’s geography has frequently influenced its history. About two-thirds of the country’s total land area is mountainous. The rugged terrain provided refuge that allowed the indigenous peoples to survive the Spanish conquest in the 16th century, while the fertile valleys eventually produced fine coffees and other crops that dominated the nation’s economy. Frequent volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and torrential rains have often brought disaster to the country and made building and maintaining roads and railways very difficult.

deeper links ::


Article key phrases:

Gulf of Honduras, largest nation, Spanish conquest, rugged terrain, torrential rains, earthquakes, indigenous peoples, Pacific Ocean, railways, refuge, Salvador, Belize, Guatemala, Nicaragua, crops, thirds, roads, disaster, total area, republic, century, Mexico, north, east, south, region, building

 
 

Search within this web site: