Land and Resources, Plant and Animal Life
Freshwater sharks, Lake Nicaragua, Broadleaf trees, North American birds, tropical hardwoods
Vegetation is largely tropical and subtropical. Broadleaf trees cover large areas, and major sections of the eastern lowlands are rain forest. Oak and cedar are common in the highlands, with stands of pine in the east. A few trees survive, but most mahogany and other tropical hardwoods have been cut. Nicaragua has more than 50 varieties of fruit trees and a wide variety of orchids and other flowers.
Wild animals include puma, small deer, several species of monkeys, sloths, and wild pigs. There are alligators and a wide variety of other reptiles, including highly venomous snakes. Many species of birds, including several varieties of parrots and hummingbirds, are native to Nicaragua, which is also the winter home for many North American birds. Freshwater sharks live in Lake Nicaragua. Along the Atlantic coast the exploitation of sea turtles, which are hunted for meat and eggs, has raised concerns about the speciesí survival.
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