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Panama, Land and Resources

land bridge, territorial waters, Panama Canal, nautical miles, widest point

Located at the juncture of Central and South America, Panama forms a land bridge between the two continents. Panama lies within the tropics, and about one-third its area is covered with rain forest. The rest has been converted to farmland and pastures or lies in the semiarid Azuero Peninsula. Panama’s climate is warm and humid, moderated by the two oceans that bathe its 2,490 km (1,550 mi) of coastline. Along each coast are low-lying areas, but inland are mountains that divide the country into north- and south-facing slopes.

Seen from above, Panama has the shape of a reclining S and occupies 75,517 sq km (29,157 sq mi) of land. In addition, Panama claims 200 nautical miles (370 km/230 mi) of territorial waters along its shores. The country is bounded on the north by the Caribbean Sea, on the east by Colombia, on the south by the Pacific Ocean, and on the west by Costa Rica. At its widest point it stretches 650 km (400 mi) from west to east, but at its narrowest, near the roughly north-south route of the Panama Canal, it measures only 48 km (30 mi).

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Article key phrases:

land bridge, territorial waters, Panama Canal, nautical miles, widest point, Caribbean Sea, oceans, Pacific Ocean, continents, tropics, low-lying areas, pastures, Costa Rica, coastline, Colombia, mountains, slopes, shores, farmland, South America, shape, west, land, north, east, country, addition, rain forest

 
 

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