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Rise of Colonialism

- Post-Mongol Empires -

- Colonial Expansion -

- Colonial Impact on China, Japan, and Korea -

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With the fall of the Mongols, rival Asian empires once more contended for power: the Ottomans in present-day Turkey, the Mughals in India, the Iranians, and the Chinese under the Ming and Qing. Political disintegration halted overland trade. Then, as Europe’s new national states entered an era of exploration and colonialism, the Ottomans cut off the western end of the sea route to the East. International competition for trade escalated, subjecting Asia to European encroachment.

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