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Asia

The Natural Environment

- Geological History -

- Surrounding Waters and Islands -

- Plains and Deserts -

- Mountain Ranges -

- Plateaus -

- Rivers,Lakes, and Inland Seas -

- Climates -

- Vegetation -

- Soils -

- Animal Life -

- Insects and Parasites -

- Mineral Resources -

- Environmental Issues -

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As the largest continent, Asia contains some of the world’s most spectacular natural features, including high mountain ranges, vast plateaus, majestic river basins, and lakes and inland seas. The centerpiece is the high mountains of the Himalayas and the associated Tibetan Plateau (Qing Zang Gaoyuan). To the far north are vast plateau regions of Siberia and open waterways such as Lake Baikal. Located in an arc around the eastern rim of the continent are the plateaus of China, dissected by great rivers, including the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang). In South Asia, the Deccan Plateau dominates India. Toward the west is the Arabian Peninsula, and in a northwesterly direction are the steppes of Central Asia.

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