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South America

The People

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South America's overall population has been increasing rapidly, especially in the developing tropical countries, and urban populations have increased greatly in all parts of the continent. Immigration to South America has been minimal since 1930. Internal migration has been of great significance, however, increasing the concentration of people living on the continent's periphery, while vast areas of the interior remain sparsely populated. The overall population density is 22 persons per sq km (57 per sq mi), but more than half the continent has a population density of fewer than 2 persons per sq km (5 per sq mi).

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