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Economy, Agriculture

subsistence farming, animal hides, commercial farming, sugar beets, rice production

Iranís agricultural sector contributed 19 percent of the GDP in 2000 and employed 23 percent (1996) of the labor force. Since 1979 commercial farming has replaced subsistence farming as the dominant mode of agricultural production. Some northern and western areas support rain-fed agriculture, while other areas require irrigation for successful crop production. Wheat, rice, and barley are the countryís major crops. Total wheat and rice production fails to meet domestic food requirements, however, making substantial imports necessary. Other principal crops include potatoes, legumes (beans and lentils), vegetables, fruits, fodder plants (alfalfa and clover), oil seeds, nuts (pistachios, almonds, and walnuts), cotton, sugarcane, sugar beets, herbs, spices (including cumin, sumac, and saffron), tea, and tobacco. Honey is collected from beehives, and silk is harvested from silkworm cocoons. Livestock products include lamb, beef, goat meat, poultry, eggs, milk, butter, cheese, wool, and leather. Major agricultural exports include fresh and dried fruits, nuts, animal hides, processed foods, and spices.

Article key phrases:

subsistence farming, animal hides, commercial farming, sugar beets, rice production, goat meat, oil seeds, pistachios, legumes, alfalfa, lentils, clover, barley, potatoes, almonds, beans, processed foods, dried fruits, eggs, lamb, sugarcane, beef, butter, irrigation, cheese, spices, herbs, wool, poultry, cotton, vegetables, milk, percent


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