Search within this web site:

you are here ::

Economy, Manufacturing

Abadan, Iran-Iraq War, copperware, small factories, railroad cars

Iran has a long tradition of producing artisan goods, including carpets, ceramics, copperware and brassware, glass, leather goods, textiles, and woodwork. Iranís rich carpet-weaving tradition dates from pre-Islamic times, and it remains an important industry. Large-scale manufacturing in factories began in the 1920s and developed gradually. During the Iran-Iraq War, Iraq bombed many of Iranís petrochemical plants, and the large oil refinery at Abadan was badly damaged and forced to halt production. Reconstruction of the refinery began in 1988 and production resumed in 1993. However, the war also stimulated the growth of many small factories producing import-substitution goods and materials needed by the military. By 2000 manufacturing contributed 16 percent of the GDP and employed 18 percent of the labor force. Important manufactured products included petrochemicals, steel, carpets, textiles, cement, processed foods (including refined sugar), copper wire, aluminum, electronics, refrigerators, footwear, appliances, paints, plastics, automobiles, machinery, railroad cars, leather, furniture, cigarettes, utensils, glass, paper, and handicrafts.

Article key phrases:

Abadan, Iran-Iraq War, copperware, small factories, railroad cars, refined sugar, cigarettes, brassware, refrigerators, processed foods, copper wire, carpets, leather goods, paints, footwear, petrochemicals, utensils, appliances, ceramics, cement, textiles, furniture, percent, plastics, glass, aluminum, long tradition, electronics, automobiles, paper, machinery, steel, production


Search within this web site: