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Economy, Transportation

Strait of Hormuz, Esfahan, Mashhad, Iran Air, national airline

Iran has an extensive paved road system linking most of its towns and all of its cities. In 1998 the country had 167,157 km (104,000 mi) of roads, of which three-fifths was paved. There were 30 passenger cars for every 1,000 inhabitants. Trains operated on 5,995 km (3,725 mi) of railroad track. The country’s major port of entry is Bandar-e ‘Abbas on the Strait of Hormuz. After arriving in Iran, imported goods are distributed throughout the country by trucks and freight trains. The Tehran- Bandar-e ‘Abbas railroad, opened in 1995, connects Bandar-e ‘Abbas to the railroad system of Central Asia via Tehran and Mashhad. Other major ports include Bandar-e Anzali and Bandar-e Torkeman on the Caspian Sea and Korramshahr and Bandar-e Khomeyni on the Persian Gulf. More than 30 cities have airports that serve passenger and cargo planes. Iran Air, the national airline, was founded in 1962 and operates domestic and international flights. All large cities have mass transit systems using buses, and several private companies provide bus service between cities. Tehran and Esfahan are in the process of constructing underground mass transit rail lines.

Article key phrases:

Strait of Hormuz, Esfahan, Mashhad, Iran Air, national airline, Caspian Sea, cargo planes, freight trains, fifths, Persian Gulf, major ports, international flights, railroad track, passenger cars, buses, airports, bus service, large cities, inhabitants, towns, roads, private companies, goods, trucks, process


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