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Economy, Agriculture

Euphrates rivers, agricultural country, Tigris, pomegranates, imposition

Iraq is predominantly an agricultural country. Approximately 12 percent of the land is under cultivation. Most farmland is in the region of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Agricultural production in 2001 included 550,000 metric tons of wheat, 465,000 metric tons of barley, and 130,000 metric tons of rice. Before the imposition of UN sanctions, exports of dates from Iraq accounted for a major share of world trade in dates. Other fruits produced include apples, figs, grapes, olives, oranges, pears, and pomegranates. Livestock raising is an important occupation for Iraq’s nomadic and seminomadic tribes. Almost 10 percent of Iraq’s land area is suitable for grazing. In 2001 the livestock population included 1.3 million cattle, 6.8 million sheep, 1,600,000 million goats, and 23 million poultry. In addition, the world-famous Arabian horse is extensively bred.

Article key phrases:

Euphrates rivers, agricultural country, Tigris, pomegranates, imposition, goats, figs, pears, sanctions, grazing, grapes, oranges, apples, Agricultural production, sheep, cattle, olives, fruits, addition, region


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