Government, Revolutionary Command Council
Baath Party, judicial body, supreme commander, formal approval, RCC
The Revolutionary Command Council (RCC) is the supreme executive, legislative, and judicial body in Iraq. It consists of eight to ten members and is headed by a chairman, who is also the president of the republic, often the prime minister, the supreme commander of the armed forces, and the secretary general of the Baath Party. Almost all of the members of the RCC are high officials of the Baath Party. A two-thirds majority of the members of the RCC is needed to pass resolutions or enact ordinances, which have the force of law.
Virtually all the members of the RCC are also members of a Baath Party leadership body known as the Regional Leadership (RL). The RL consists of about 20 of the most senior party officials, who also have responsibilities in the various branches and bureaus of the party. Whenever a crucial political decision has been made, the public is informed that it was made in a joint meeting of the RCC and the RL. In practice, however, the most important decisions are made either by Hussein alone or by him in consultation with very few (three to five) people. The decision is then brought to an RCC meeting or a joint RCC-RL meeting for formal approval.
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