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History, Suez Crisis

Syrian troops, Transjordan, Suez Canal, ceasefire, USSR

In July 1956 Jordan (as Transjordan had been renamed) accused Israel of deploying an invasion army near Jerusalem, whereupon Iraq moved forces to the Jordanian border. That same month, in response to Egypt’s nationalization of the Suez Canal, which Britain and France had controlled, the Iraqi government expressed unequivocal support of Egypt. In the ensuing Suez Crisis, Egypt was invaded by Israel, Britain, and France in October 1956. Within a week, however, the United Nations, at the urging of both the USSR and the United States, demanded a ceasefire, forcing Britain, France, and Israel to withdraw from the lands they had captured. In early November, Iraqi and Syrian troops occupied positions in Jordan in accordance with terms of a mutual-defense agreement.

Article key phrases:

Syrian troops, Transjordan, Suez Canal, ceasefire, USSR, Iraqi government, Jerusalem, lands, Israel, Britain, forces, France, positions, United Nations, response, urging, United States, accordance, week, month, terms


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