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Iraq, People and Society

The population of Iraq (2002 estimate) is 24,001,816. The estimated overall population density is 55 persons per sq km (142 per sq mi). The density varies markedly, with the largest population concentrations in the area of the river systems.

The population is 77 percent urban. In the rural areas of the country many of the people still live in tribal communities.

The population growth rate, which was 3.2 percent per year in the 1980s, declined in the early 1990s as the country’s birth rate fell. By the end of the decade, however, it had regained its former level. In 2002 the rate of population growth was 2.82 percent, the birth rate was 34.2 per 1,000 persons, and the death rate was 6 per 1,000 persons.

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