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People and Society, Education

Al Basrah, Tikrit, Irbil, technical institutes, Mosul

Education in Iraq is free. Six years of primary education are compulsory, but many children do not attend school as they must work to help support their families. Instruction is in Arabic, although in much of the Kurdish-inhabited northern region, which has been autonomous since 1991, Kurdish is used in all levels of education alongside Arabic. Only 74 percent of Iraqis aged 15 or older are literate. In the 1998-1999 academic year 3.1 million pupils attended elementary schools, and 619,114 students were enrolled in secondary schools. More students attended vocational or teacher-training institutions. Iraq has eight universities, four in Baghdad and one each in Al Basrah, Irbil, Mosul, and Tikrit. The country also has about 20 technical institutes.

Article key phrases:

Al Basrah, Tikrit, Irbil, technical institutes, Mosul, Baghdad, levels of education, elementary schools, Arabic, pupils, universities, academic year, secondary schools, families, Instruction, children, students, country


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