People and Society, Principal Cities
industrial capital, Holon, Ramat Gan, urban region, Beersheba
With a population of 633,700 in 1999, Jerusalem is Israelís largest city. Israel claims that all of Jerusalem is its capital, but Palestinians dispute the claim and the United Nations has not recognized it as such. Arabs make up about 30 percent of the population. Jerusalemís economy depends on governmental administration, light industry, tourism, and higher education.
Tel Aviv-Yafo, with 348,100 residents in 1999, is the center of an urban region stretching along 15 km (9 mi) of the Mediterranean coast and 10 km (6 mi) inland, with a total population of about 2 million. It serves as a commercial and industrial capital and also plays an important role in the cultural and recreational life of modern Israel. Other cities in this urban area include Holon, Peta? Tiqwa, and Ramat Gan. Farther north lies Haifa, containing the countryís busiest port and main naval base. With a population of 265,700, the city serves as a center of heavy industry as well as religious and educational activities. Beersheba serves as the administrative, industrial, and cultural center of the northern Negev. It had about 163,700 residents in 1999.
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