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Economy, Agriculture

metric tons, cucumbers, goats, figs, barley

The proportion of the labor force engaged in agriculture declined from 37 percent to 6 percent between 1965 and 1993. Only 3 percent of the land is cultivated, and only a small percentage of the cultivated area is irrigated. With so much of Jordanís agriculture dependent on rainfall, annual production figures fluctuate widely. Wheat and barley are the major grain crops, but production is not sufficient to meet the needs of the country. Cereal production in 2001 was 65,300 metric tons. Some fruit crops, primarily citrus, olives, almonds, figs, grapes, and apricots, and such vegetables as cucumbers and tomatoes are grown for export. Even in the best agricultural years, food imports exceed food exports. In 2001 sheep, the most important livestock animal, totaled 1.8 million; cattle, some 65,400; and goats, about 640,000. Poultry in 2001 totaled 24 million. The West Bank accounted for an estimated 20 to 25 percent of the grain, 70 percent of the fruit, and 40 percent of the vegetable produce of Jordan before the 1967 war with Israel.

Article key phrases:

metric tons, cucumbers, goats, figs, barley, West Bank, tomatoes, labor force, grapes, food imports, apricots, almonds, sheep, cattle, olives, Wheat, rainfall, proportion, Poultry, Israel, vegetables, war, small percentage, land, country, needs


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