History, Tranquillity in the Early 1960s
UAR, new cabinet, general acceptance, diplomatic relations, resignation
During 1961 and 1962 Jordan was relatively free of domestic political strife and antigovernment agitation by the country’s refugee population. The growing strength of the throne was evidenced by the general acceptance, and even popularity, of the king’s marriage in May 1961 to Antoinette Avril Gardiner of Britain, who was granted the title Princess Muna. (They were divorced in 1972.) After the elections of December 1962, political parties, which had been banned during the height of Jordanian-UAR tensions, were reactivated. Foreign relations were less relaxed, however. In September 1961 Jordan recognized the new regime in Syria, which had just seceded from the UAR, and President Nasser of Egypt retaliated by breaking diplomatic relations with Jordan.
After the fall of one premier and the resignation of his successor in the spring of 1963, political parties were banned again. Elections in July installed a new cabinet and inaugurated another two-year period of relative domestic tranquillity. Diplomatic relations with the UAR (Egypt) were restored in 1964 in response to mounting pressure for Arab League unity against Israel. Renewed clashes with Israel over Jordanian water rights led to an Arab summit conference in Cairo in September 1964, attended by King Hussein.
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