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Economy, Agriculture

Bekaa, sugar beets, bananas, goats, figs

Historically, agriculture was a key element in Lebanonís economy. In the 19th century, mountain clans built thousands of stone terraces to facilitate their farming of steep slopes. Agriculture, including forestry and fishing, employed only 7 percent of workers and contributed only 12 percent of GDP. Cultivated fields cover 18 percent of Lebanon, and 13 percent is in permanent crops (orchards and vineyards). Premium produce, especially oranges and peaches, are a valuable export. The intensively farmed coastal plain produces citrus, bananas, vegetables, melons, and strawberries, while the lower slopes of the mountainsides support vineyards and fruit orchards of olives, figs, peaches, cherries, and plums. Apples are grown at higher elevations. The Bekaa produces wheat, barley, sugar beets, tobacco, grapes, and fruits. Farm-raised animals include goats, sheep, cattle, pigs, and chickens.

Article key phrases:

Bekaa, sugar beets, bananas, goats, figs, pigs, peaches, barley, strawberries, melons, oranges, grapes, tobacco, sheep, cattle, wheat, vegetables, key element, animals, agriculture, cherries


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