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The People of Lebanon, Ethnic Groups and Languages

Palestinian refugees, refugee camps, Assyrian, civil war, ethnicities

About 93 percent of the population is Arab (although many Christian Arabs disclaim Arab ethnicity), 5 percent is Armenian, and the remaining 2 percent of the population belongs to Kurdish, Assyrian, or other ethnicities. Among Arabs, about 12 percent are Palestinians, the overwhelming majority of whom live in refugee camps. Palestinian refugees are considered stateless, and their future is uncertain. Before the civil war, thousands of Westerners lived and worked in Lebanon, but most of these foreigners have left the country. Arabic is the official language, but French is commonly used, especially in government and among the upper class. English is also widely used, particularly as the language of business and education. Most Armenians speak Armenian.

Article key phrases:

Palestinian refugees, refugee camps, Assyrian, civil war, ethnicities, official language, foreigners, upper class, Kurdish, Palestinians, population, Lebanon, Arabic, percent, French, government, future, education, country, English, Armenians


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