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Oman, Land and Resources

s Oman, Masirah, Al Jabal, Strait of Hormuz, Gharbi

Oman covers an area of about 309,500 sq km (about 119,500 sq mi). Until the 1990s Oman had border disputes with its three neighbors; agreements were reached with Saudi Arabia in 1990, with Yemen in 1992, and with the UAE in 1993. The borders with Yemen and Saudi Arabia were demarcated in 1995; the border with the UAE awaits final demarcation. Oman is largely a desert land, with five distinct geographical regions. The Al Batinah coastal plain along the Gulf of Oman coast is about 10 km (about 6 mi) wide and about 270 km (about 170 mi) long and is the country’s main agricultural area. The Al ?ajar mountain range, to the west of the plain, extends about 700 km (about 400 mi) from the Strait of Hormuz to Ra’s al ?add, the easternmost point of Oman. The highest elevation is at Al Jabal al Akh?ar, or Green Mountain, reaching about 3,000 m (about 10,000 ft) in the Al ?ajar al Gharbi (Western ?ajar), which is divided from the Al ?ajar ash Sharqi (Eastern ?ajar) by a major valley, the Sami’il Gap. Inner Oman extends from the Al ?ajar Mountains into the Rub‘ al Khali, or Empty Quarter, the great sand desert of southern Arabia, and contains a number of oases. Central Oman is a large, generally barren area south of Inner Oman. Lastly, between Inner Oman and the border with Yemen is a distinctive area called Dhofar, which includes a desert interior, rugged mountains made verdant by monsoon rains, and a coastal plain about 50 km (about 30 mi) long and 16 km (10 mi) wide. The main Omani islands are the Kuria Muria group, part of Dhofar Governorate, and Masirah off the coast of Central Oman. There are no rivers or permanent lakes, but there are numerous oases which, together with wells, provide drinking water.

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Article key phrases:

s Oman, Masirah, Al Jabal, Strait of Hormuz, Gharbi, Khali, Akh, monsoon rains, desert land, border disputes, highest elevation, Green Mountain, wells, Rub, Yemen, rivers, borders, neighbors, drinking water, Saudi Arabia, Quarter, UAE, agreements, west


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