alab, Damascus, ims, social work, Primary education
Primary education is free and compulsory for all children. Some 88 percent of the adult Syrian population was estimated to be literate in 2001. Primary schools enrolled 2.7 million pupils in the 1998-1999 school year, and 1 million students attended secondary schools and vocational institutes.
Syria has universities in Damascus, ?alab, ?ims, and Al Ladhiqiyah, with a total annual enrollment in the mid-1990s of about 170,000 students. Also in Damascus is the Arab Academy (1919), which is devoted to the study of Arabic language, literature, history, and culture. Other institutes and colleges specialize in social work, agriculture, industry, technology, and music.
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