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Economy, Agriculture

sugar beets, basic foods, specialty crops, eggplants, cabbage

Since 1950, agricultural output in Turkey has increased through the use of more machinery and fertilizer and better plant varieties, and the country is one of few in the world that is self-sufficient in basic foods. The diversity of climates in Turkey allows many specialty crops to be grown, such as tea. In 2001 the production of Turkey’s principal crops included 25.6 million metric tons of cereals such as wheat, barley, rice, and maize; 22.1 million tons of vegetables and melons such as tomatoes, onions, eggplants, and cabbage; 5.5 million tons of root crops such as sugar beets and potatoes; 10.6 million tons of fruits such as grapes, apples, olives, citrus, and nuts; and 740,736 tons of oilseeds. Cotton and tobacco are leading export crops. Livestock on farms included 10.8 million cattle, 603,000 asses, 29.4 million sheep, 8.1 million goats, 170,000 buffalo, and 244 million poultry.

Article key phrases:

sugar beets, basic foods, specialty crops, eggplants, cabbage, barley, tomatoes, melons, potatoes, grapes, maize, citrus, apples, tobacco, fertilizer, onions, rice, cattle, olives, wheat, Cotton, nuts, machinery, country, world, use


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