Energy, Nuclear Power
Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Ontario Power Generation, Bruce Peninsula, nuclear reactions, public corporation
Since the early 1950s Canada has sought to use its abundant resources of natural uranium to generate electricity through nuclear reactions. The first nuclear power plant, a demonstration station at Rolphton, Ontario, was completed in 1962. A large nuclear plant was opened at Pickering, Ontario, in the early 1970s. In addition, a large complex of nuclear facilities on the Bruce Peninsula, in Ontario, is owned and operated by Ontario Power Generation. In 2001 Canada had 14 nuclear facilities; the majority of nuclear generation occurs in Ontario. The proper disposal of spent fuel is a research priority in Canada.
It is anticipated that nuclear power will decline in significance in Canada. However, a public corporation, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, at Ottawa’s request is pursuing an export market for Canadian-designed nuclear reactors. One of these was brought into production in Romania in 1996, and three are under construction in South Korea. A proposed sale of nuclear reactors to China has raised public concern about environmental consequences and the proliferation of nuclear weapons capability among nations.
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