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Consolidating British Rule, The American Revolution

northern colonies, British North America, springboards, Nova Scotians, British rule

Removal of the French threat, which eliminated the need for British military protection, encouraged the 13 colonies to grow away from their ties to Britain. Barely 15 years after the conquest of New France, these colonies took up armed resistance to British rule, and the American Revolution began. In 1775 American forces harassed Nova Scotia and invaded Quebec. They did not win the support of the Nova Scotians, who still depended on British connections. The Americans seized Montreal and besieged Quebec City in the winter of 1775 to 1776, but they found little support, and British forces drove them out early in 1776. For the rest of the war, Britain used the forts and seaports of the northern colonies as springboards for its campaigns against the Americans.

The American Revolution created not one but two new nations in North America. When the independence of the United States of America was confirmed in 1783, the northern part of British North America, the future Canada, was left to the British Empire.

Article key phrases:

northern colonies, British North America, springboards, Nova Scotians, British rule, American forces, American Revolution, British Empire, forts, seaports, British forces, independence, Montreal, Americans, Britain, ties, United States of America, war, winter, campaigns, Removal, rest, years, need


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