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Consolidating British Rule, The Constitutional Act of 1791
Quebec Act, English laws, Loyalists, Protestant churches, agitating
Loyalist leaders soon joined British merchants of Quebec City and Montreal in agitating against the Quebec Act. It did not provide the British legal institutions, legislatures, and systems of land tenure that the Loyalists and others of British background expected. In response, in 1791 Britain divided Quebec into two colonies, Lower and Upper Canada, and gave a new constitution to each. In mostly French Lower Canada, French civil law, the rights of the Catholic Church, and seignorial land tenure were preserved. In mostly English Upper Canada, Protestant churches, particularly the Church of England, were favored, and English laws and land tenure were installed.
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