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North America, Greenland

Denmark Strait, Davis Strait, Cape Farewell, Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Baffin Bay

Greenland (Greenlandic Kalaallit Nunaat; Danish Gronland), island which is an internally self-governing part of Denmark, situated between the North Atlantic and Arctic oceans. Greenland lies mostly north of the Arctic Circle and is separated from the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, on the west, primarily by Davis Strait and Baffin Bay, and from Iceland, on the east, by the Denmark Strait. The largest island in the world, Greenland has a maximum extent, from its northernmost point on Cape Morris Jesup to Cape Farewell in the extreme south, of 2,660 km (1,650 mi). The maximum distance from east to west is 1,300 km (800 mi). The entire coast, which is deeply indented with fjords, is roughly estimated at 44,000 km (27,000 mi). The total area of Greenland is 2,180,000 sq km (840,000 sq mi), of which 1,834,000 sq km (708,000 sq mi) is ice cap. The capital and largest city is Nuuk.

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Article key phrases:

Denmark Strait, Davis Strait, Cape Farewell, Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Baffin Bay, Arctic oceans, northernmost point, Nuuk, extreme south, largest island, Arctic Circle, fjords, Iceland, largest city, maximum distance, maximum extent, capital, west, east, world

 
 

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