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Government, Judiciary

judicial precedent, little influence, legislative branch, new laws, executive branch

As with the legislative branch, the judiciary has played a very minor role in Mexicoís political process. At its apex is the Supreme Court, appointed by the president with the approval of two-thirds of the Senate. Unlike its counterpart in the United States, the Supreme Court rarely invalidates or shapes laws through judicial precedent, a legal practice in which courts interpret new legislation by looking at previous court decisions and deciding how the earlier rulings apply to the new laws. This limits the ability of the Mexican Supreme Court to change or modify the countryís laws and leaves the court with little influence over important policy matters. The decisions of the Supreme Court usually follow the policies of the president and the executive branch. As a result of reforms initiated by President Zedillo that aimed to strengthen the courtís powers in 1995, the court can now review newly passed legislation within a short time period, if one-third of the members of the national legislature request such an appraisal.

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judicial precedent, little influence, legislative branch, new laws, executive branch, apex, legal practice, appraisal, minor role, counterpart, Senate, courts, judiciary, limits, thirds, approval, new legislation, United States, ability, policies, members


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