Government, Social Services
isolated communities, Intestinal diseases, infant mortality rate, average life expectancy, live births
Mexico was the first nation in the world to include the term social security in its constitution (1917), but the program was not implemented until 1943. Mexico’s social security system—which includes subsidized medical and hospital care that is available to all citizens—is much more comprehensive than that found in the United States. However, these medical services are often unavailable in smaller, isolated communities, and many Mexicans from rural locations or predominantly indigenous communities have limited access to health care. In addition, public facilities are generally inferior to private ones, but private care is too expensive for most Mexican households.
The average life expectancy for men and women in Mexico is 69 and 75 years, respectively. This is significantly lower than the average life expectancy in the United States (75 years for men and 80 years for women). The infant mortality rate in Mexico in 2002 was 25 per 1,000 live births. This compares to 7 per 1,000 in the United States. Intestinal diseases are endemic in many parts of Mexico and are the most common cause of death among children.
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