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Alaska small, Juneau, Eskimos, Fairbanks, state capital
A harsh environment, remote location, and inadequate transportation have kept the population in Alaska small. Historically, the Inuit (often referred to as Eskimos) lived in widely scattered settlements and relied on subsistence activities, such as hunting, fishing, and trapping. More recently, the trend has been toward larger concentrations of settlements. Some 15,000 whites have moved into the region, many of whom are military personnel, government employees, or oil company workers.
Anchorage, the dominant population and economic center in Alaska, contains approximately half of the state’s inhabitants, with a population of 260,283 (2000). Other large communities include Fairbanks and Juneau, the state capital.
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