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The Southeastern Coast, Population

tourist haven, communist government, estimated population, present population, cities of Florida

The present population of the region is 38 million. In particular, the population of Florida has grown spectacularly. Florida’s population in 1990 was 12,937,926, more than 13 times the size of its 1920 population of 968,470. In the ten years after 1980, when 9,746,961 people lived there, Florida’s population increased by 32.7 percent.

Major cities in the region include Miami, Florida; New Orleans, Louisiana; and Houston, Texas. Urban areas, especially the larger ones, are significant destinations for migrants, particularly by people from outside the region. Cotton and oil production contributed to Houston’s growth, from a population of 1,595,138 in 1980 to an estimated population of 4,177,646 in 2000. Today, Houston is a diversified industrial center and a world leader in the petrochemical industry.

The cities of Florida have absorbed most of the state’s rapid population growth. Miami has grown, to a large extent, because of migration from Cuba after a communist government was established in Cuba in the early 1960s. Orlando has grown explosively as a convention and tourist center. Jacksonville, Tampa, and Fort Lauderdale have swelled from migration of retirees from northern states. Smaller Florida cities, such as Destin, a weekend resort location, and West Palm Beach, a winter resort and tourist haven, have also experienced stunning growth.

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