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Guam, Land and Economy

The northern portion of the island is a plateau of coral formation; the southern portion is hilly and of volcanic origin. The only good anchorage is Apra Harbor, on the western coast. The climate is tropical, with an average annual temperature of 26.7 C (80 F).

Guam is one of the principal U.S. defense fortifications in the western Pacific Ocean and is the site of extensive naval, army, and air force installations. Petroleum refining, ship repairing, and other service industries to the military establishment form a major part of the local economy. Farming and fishing are relatively well developed. Vegetables, citrus and tropical fruits, coconuts, and sugarcane are grown, and livestock, especially poultry, is raised. Manufactures include textiles, cement, and plastics. Tourism is of growing importance.

 
 

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