Guam, Population and Government
Apra Harbor, population of Guam, unicameral legislature, University of Guam, Hagatna
In 1990, the population of Guam was 133,152, including military personnel and dependents. The administrative center, Hagatna, is located on the western coast north of Apra Harbor. The indigenous Guamanians, or Chamorro, constitute less than half the total population. The Chamorro are of mixed ancestral heritage but are basically Micronesian in origin and speak their own language, Chamorro. English is the official language and is taught in the schools. The University of Guam, in Mangilao, was established in 1952.
Executive power is vested in a governor, who is popularly elected to a four-year term. Legislative authority is vested in a unicameral legislature, consisting of 15 popularly elected members. Guam sends one nonvoting delegate to the United States House of Representatives.
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