Niue, Land and Resources
circumference, average elevation, coastal waters, average annual temperature, plateau
Niue is a raised coral island with a circumference of 60 km (40 mi) and an area of 260 sq km (100 sq mi). The island's perimeter consists of uneven cliffs that drop abruptly into the sea. The interior is marked by a plateau that rises 60 m (200 ft) above sea level. The plateau is surrounded by a lower level, with an average elevation of 30 m (90 ft). Niue is encircled by a broken fringing reef.
The climate is tropical and humid. The average annual temperature is 27° C (81° F) and annual rainfall is 7,700 mm (300 in). Niue is covered with forest and light vegetation. Because of a shallow and scanty soil cover, cultivation is difficult. Animal life is limited on the island, but fish are abundant in coastal waters.
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