Wallis and Futuna, The Land
The Wallis Archipelago comprises a main island and some 20 smaller islands and islets. The main island, Wallis (Uvea), is hilly and dotted with numerous lake-filled craters surrounded by steep cliffs. The Futuna Archipelago consists of two mountainous islands, Futuna (Hooru) and Alofi. On Futuna the land rises steeply from a narrow coastal plain to an extreme elevation of 875 m (2,870 ft). The coasts of Alofi are fringed by wide reefs; the highest summit here is 401 m (1,320 ft).
The climate is tropical, but moderated by ocean breezes. From October to April the weather is cool and dry with temperatures ranging between 20° and 25° C (68° and 77° F). A season of hurricanes with torrential rains and higher temperatures begins in April.
The capital of the territory is Mata’ utu on Wallis Island; the total population (2002 estimate) is 15,585.
Except for cattle, sheep, and goats introduced by the administration, the only indigenous animals are snakes, lizards, and pigeons. Coconut palms and breadfruit, mango, and orange trees are grown on the coasts, and the hills are densely forested.